- Almost half of people have experienced tensions at work because of temperature
- London is the temperature war capital of the UK
- A quarter of women have taken time off work because of the temperature
- Temperature wars are costing the economy £13 billion a year
- Aircon formulas are sexist
In the UK the minimum temperature for the workplace is 16°C, with no maximum temperature. The debate over how warm or cold the office should be is a common one and often it seems women are left feeling the chill.
Here we look at the realities of the office temperature war and the technology that could one day ease the tension, with a survey asking men and women about their experience of temperature wars in the workplace.
Almost half of people have experienced tension at work because of temperature
Temperature is a big issue in the workplace. Half of those asked said that temperature affects their ability to work, with almost half experiencing tension at work because of temperature. Whether to keep the air con on or off is a hot topic.
This amount of workplace bickering sounds pretty dramatic and a study found that 2% of office hours in the UK are lost to temperature arguments.
Being warm helps boost creativity
A study at the Technical University of Denmark found that ‘creative thinking was […] significantly and negatively affected by noise, anxiety and hunger, and to be significantly and positively affected by moderately raised temperature in the absence of noise.’
A study at Cornell University also found that when temperatures rose from 68°F (20°C) to 77°F (25°C), typing errors fell by 44% and typing output rose by 150%.
London is the temperature war capital of the UK
A third of Londoners report having arguments at work about temperature, with Scotland having the fewest workplace disputes over hot and cold temperatures.
Two thirds of Londoners report that their ability to work is negatively affected by being too hot or too cold, with just two fifths of Scots agreeing that temperature can affect their productivity. This means that despite London being the most upfront about being unhappy with the temperature at work, there is still a big proportion of Londoners who don’t say when they are uncomfortable at work.
This could mean that there’s a great temperature taboo in British workplaces. Perhaps the British stiff upper lip has gone too far.
Almost half of men will change the temperature at work, with only a third of women doing the same
Despite more women reporting they are negatively affected by being too hot or cold, it is men who are more likely to adjust the temperature at work without telling their colleagues.
A quarter of women have had to take time off work because of the temperature
Women are more likely to be affected by workplace temperature, with almost three quarters reporting their productivity is negatively affected by being too hot or cold.
A quarter of women have reported taking time off because they can’t stand the temperature at work. For people of all genders, a fifth have taken time off work because they are too cold or too hot at work. With the BBC reporting that temperature wars cost the economy ‘£13 billion’, this really is an issue employers need to consider.
Women have reported taking measures to cope with the cold at work, from blankets to portable heaters.
Aircon formulas are outdated and sexist
For the majority of work places still relying on traditional heating and air con, outdated air con formulas could be to blame for the number of people struggling with the temperature at the office.
A 2016 study by the journal Nature Climate Change found that air con systems commonly used in offices and large buildings, still use a formula which was created in the 1960s. This formula was designed with the most common office workers in mind – forty-year-old men, weighing an average of 70 kg.
The study also found that the formula used in these forms on air con, overestimate average female metabolic rate by up to 35%. This means that many buildings with air con are unable to provide women with a comfortable setting in which to work.
Health problems can further complicate the gender temperature divide
Women are more likely to experience hormone imbalances, with 70-80% of those with a thyroid problem being female. Women will also likely experience the menopause before reaching retirement age. Those with overactive thyroids or going through the menopause are likely to feel too hot, while women with underactive thyroids will feel colder.
The sensitivity of these issues could be having a negative effect as well. Alys Dilks from The Women’s Health Clinic, said that ‘Women going through the menopause will also suffer from slight personality changes such as brain fog or depression. So perhaps they won’t stand up for themselves as much. We know that women often won’t talk about their menopausal symptoms, but the peri-menopause can last a decade. That’s a long time to be sitting sweating in an office! Some just bypass the conversation altogether and get a desk fan, or keep a cardigan around.’
With females worrying about being viewed as weak, or complaining, and the possible embarrassment of discussing the menopause, temperature is becoming a taboo in the workplace for many professional women.
Women are being frozen out of air-conditioned workplaces
The idea that men and women experience temperature differently might feel like a cliché, but the evidence suggests these issues are real. A study found that women are comfortable at a temperature which is 2.5°C higher than men.
Metabolic rate varies greatly between men and women. Although metabolic rate is personal to the individual, in general men carry more muscle than body fat compared to women. Although body fat can keep the body warm, muscle makes creating heat far easier.
The futuristic solution to the office temperature war
Thankfully technology is adapting all the time and as well as better insulation and windows, companies can now choose to invest in technology to personalise the office temperature experience.
The Comfy App now allows employees to personalise the temperature of their working space – without investing in extra blankets and portable heaters. The app allows employees to say if they are too hot or cold and the temperature at their desk will be adjusted. The app will also remember if the person is likely to be too hot or cold and start to adapt to their needs. As this app requires the system to be installed into the work place there will be a start up cost, however the company reports most businesses experience a saving of 12-25% on energy.
Heating is the biggest form of energy consumption in many buildings
The average building in the EU uses a large proportion of its energy on temperature control. This graph analyses the energy consumption of six buildings used for business. Each building uses half of its energy consumption on heating and cooling.
Yet with many workers still uncomfortable, many buildings could be over adjusting the temperature of their workspaces.
And with energy consumption of office buildings contributing 40% of total carbon dioxide emissions in the EU, this isn’t just negatively affecting women, but the environment too.